Liquid Fish Fertilizer – For Whole Food Nutrition

Liquid Fish Fertilizer


1 Quart

Canadians can get it here

Along with seaweed, fish has been used as a fertilizer for centuries.

But using fish as fertilizer does beat liquid seaweed in one way – the major nutrients it contains, especially nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P).

N and P are two important elements that are often deficient when our gardens aren’t yet up to a point of cycling nutrients optimally (which is most of the time).

Here’s why we need them:

  • Nitrogen. Is the building block of proteins in plants, and so ultimately proteins in our body. We don’t need all that much nitrogen in the garden, but we do need a quality source, and that’s where liquid fish fertilizer comes in.
  • Phosphorus. This element is important not just for root growth (as is the common myth), but it’s central to photosynthesis and building carbohydrates, and it’s involved with transporting almost every other mineral throughout the plant. Without phosphorus, our plants just aren’t going to be very healthy.

Seaweed has nutrients, too, but we especially use it for the natural plant growth regulators, whereas with fish fertilizer, it’s more about the nutrients.

Plus, if you get a quality fish product, you’ll be getting oils and proteins that feed microbes – that’s why I think of it as true whole food nutrition.

As with seaweed, I generally prefer a liquid fish fertilizer as being the most economical when compared to a fish meal.

How To Make Fish Fertilizer

Fish And Seaweed
Fish and seaweed work really well when combined together in a fertilizer application.

This is some smelly good fun!

Get some fish (ocean fish is much preferred, but any fish will bring in at least some benefits) and grind it up in a blender or food processor. You’ll need a solid machine to break through the bones.

Add water to cover the mixture and then process some more until it’s all blended up nicely.

There you go – you have a basic liquid fish fertilizer.

Now, you could use it right away by mixing it with 10 parts water and watering plants.

But to get much more benefit, you should ferment it further so the nutrients will be more available for plants.

For that, I use 1 teaspoon of SCD/EM per cup of fish/water mixture, but if you don’t have that around and you’re a real do-it-yourselfer, other kinds of probiotics will offer at least some help.

Yogurt or kefir or some other lactic acid culture are good choices – use the same ratio as for the EM above. Or if you have a probiotic supplement, that will offer something too.

Then add 1 teaspoon of sugar or dextrose per cup of fish/water to give the microbes an energy source.

Put the whole mixture into a container with a lid or towel over the top, but don’t tighten the lid because there will be gases produced that would cause the container to explode. So just leave the lid slightly off, or use a carboy that allows gases to escape without oxygen getting in.

After a month or two, the horrible smell will be gone, which means the fish has been consumed by the microbes and your fish fertilizer is extra special and ready to go.

It will be much more beneficial than the fresh fish fertilizer at this point because the microbes have made the nutrients more available to the plants.

Finding A Quality Liquid Fish Fertilizer

By quality, I generally mean a fish hydrolysate fertilizer instead of a fish emulsion fertilizer:

  • A liquid fish emulsion has had most of the fats and proteins removed for use in other products (like fish oil supplements and pet food) and also denatured because of the high-temperature cooking process used. That high temperature destroys a lot of the beneficial components of the fish. Also, chlorinated city water is generally used, so the end product is often very high in chlorine – not good for plants and microbes. An example is the (unfortunately popular) ‘Alaska Fish Fertilizer’ made by chemical company Lilly Miller.
  • A hydrolyzed fish fertilizer is going to retain all that good stuff because it’s done at cooler temperatures, using enzymes, so it retains its vitamins, amino acids and enzymes. A good hydrolysate will have this done before all of the bones, oils, etc. have been removed, when the fish are still fresh – that also means it doesn’t smell bad, or at least not as bad as an emulsion that uses rotting fish.

Note that some companies will create a liquid fish emulsion fertilizer and then add enzymes back in after so they can call the product ‘hydrolyzed,’ but still, many of the beneficial components of the fish will have been destroyed or denatured during the processing.

Now, you won’t see anyone else who sells a hydrolysate saying this, but I actually don’t want to imply that a fish emulsion is useless – it generally has a higher nitrogen number and can be beneficial for soil applications.

But a fish hydrolysate is more of a whole food and is definitely better for encouraging beneficial microbes and for foliar feeding.

I should also mention fish meal fertilizer. It’s a great soil additive, but it’s really expensive, especially when shipping is factored in. Any kind of liquid fish fertilizer is going to be much more cost-effective than a fish meal fertilizer.

The Hydrolyzed Fish Fertilizer I Use

Big Pumpkin With Liquid Fish
This world record pumpkin was grown with my liquid fish and seaweed.

I’ve experimented with several of the best liquid fish hydrolysates on the market and I’ve been happy with most of them.

I settled on the organic fish fertilizer I use now called Neptune’s Harvest because even though it’s a little more expensive, it’s much more nutrient-dense so the application rate is much lower, making it a better deal in the end.

Plus they do a great job of properly processing the fish to retain all the beneficial components. The fish come from the deep, cold waters of the North Atlantic ocean, not near the polluted shore.

There are freshwater fish liquid fertilizers available, but that misses the point because it’s ocean fish that are full of micronutrients, due to the fact that they live in the nutrient-dense ocean.

With this product, once the fillets are removed for human consumption, the rest is made into the fish fertilizer.

It used to be dumped back out in the ocean and was actually creating a dead zone, but they’ve found a way to make good use of it.

I’m very concerned about the overfishing of the oceans, but the way they’re taking this byproduct of fishing that was causing environmental problems solves a lot of the problem for me.

But it certainly could be argued that it’s creating yet another reason to continue fishing the oceans, which is a valid point. The reason I haven’t stopped using it is that it’s just so beneficial for the garden, and if a little bit of ocean fish helps my organic garden produce more food – and much more nutritious food – I think it makes a lot of sense.

As with almost all organic liquid fish fertilizers, they’re using a touch of acid to drop the pH because otherwise, the microbes in the product would get so active that the container might explode.

In this case, it’s phosphoric acid, the same stuff they use in soda like Coca-Cola that is really not good for us to be consuming, but in the garden, it is VERY useful.

This little amount is allowed in organics (indeed this product is OMRI-Listed), and I would strongly prefer to have it in there than not.

How To Use Fish Fertilizer

Shake well before each use because sometimes there’s a thick part that separates out.

Once you’ve mixed with water, use it the same day.

Here are their suggested application rates:

  • House Plants: Use 1 tablespoon per gallon of water every 1-2 weeks.
  • Outdoors: Use 2 Tbsp per gallon of water every 1-2 weeks.
  • Lawns: Use 1 gallon for 8000 sq ft every month.
  • Seeds: Use 1 teaspoon per cup of water for soaking seeds.

They suggest applying until the soil is saturated or as a foliar feed until the leaves are wet.

That may be enough for you but it doesn’t really tell you how much to apply overall, so I’ve also dug into their agriculture recommendations to see if I could find a little more detail.

They recommend 3 gallons of product per acre, 4 times per year. That works out to about 1 quart per 1000 square feet per year, so that’s what I aim for.

For example, you could use 1/2 cup of liquid fish fertilizer per 1000 square feet every month for 8 months of the year.

Note: Since I also use sea minerals fertilizer, I alternate them every other month (eg. fish in March, sea minerals in April, fish in May, etc.). I use seaweed every month along with them.

I suggest mixing it with at least 50 times as much water, which would be 1.5 gallons for 1/2 cup of fish. Or just set a hose-end sprayer to spray 5 Tbsp per gallon. If the sprayer has trouble sucking it up, you can instead mix it with equal parts water in the sprayer and then setting the sprayer to 10 Tbsp per gallon.

You Can Get It Here


1 Quart

In summary, this liquid fish fertilizer:

  • Provides many benefits, but is especially known for providing nitrogen and phosphorus that promote rapid plant growth, as well as the complete fats and proteins that microorganisms need.
  • Is a hydrolysate, processed with enzymes at cool temperatures in order to retain all of the beneficial components.
  • Is organic, OMRI-Listed, and not even too smelly.

Just choose your container size and click ‘Add To Cart’ up above!


  • I ship in the U.S. only. I ship 7 days a week.
  • In the continental U.S., shipping is $10 (if your order is $99 or less) or free (if your order is $100 or more).
  • All of my products have a 1 year 100% money-back guarantee.
  • If you have a question about a product, leave it in the comment section below I'll try to respond within a few hours.
  • Dry fertilizers and compost tea brewers ship separately so they will arrive on their own maybe a day or 2 apart from my other products.
  • With every order, I send $1 to Organics 4 Orphans and other similar organizations. O4O is working with the world’s poor to help them grow organic, highly nutritious, highly medicinal food for themselves, and then use the surplus food to generate income for themselves as well as feeding the orphans in their communities. My hope this year is to again send $1500US, which is enough to start projects in 25 new communities!


  1. Rick on April 3, 2014 at 7:29 pm

    Hi Phil, I’m just a little concerned with using ocean fertilizer products due to the fact that most of the oceans have pollutants, as well as nuclear. For this reason I do not consume any fish or sea products. What are your thoughts?

    • Phil on April 3, 2014 at 10:46 pm

      Great question Rick. I was very concerned about the nuclear issue, too, so I did some digging and I’ve now come to believe the danger has been overblown. Certainly in the water by Japan there is much toxicity right now, but it seems it is not making its way to the U.S. in high concentrations as is often reported. It really seems to be an acceptable amount coming over here. I’m pretty strict about this kind of things and I’m all for the precautionary principle, but I believe this isn’t something we have to worry about.As for fish, like you, I don’t eat it, due to heavy metals and other issues, but I am not so concerned about those heavy metals transferring from the fertilizer to the food I grow. It’s definitely something to think about, but I’ve never been able to find any good information about what would be considered acceptable levels of heavy metals in these kinds of fertilizer products. You can find the levels online – I just don’t know how much of them will transfer to food. Note that most of my products are OMRI-Listed for use in organic production, including this fish, which makes me feel better about using them, although I’d still love to learn more.I do tend to use my sea minerals fertilizer a little more than the fish these days, just because I believe it’s more sustainable. And while heavy metals do end up in fish, I don’t worry about it in the ocean water fertilizer. They are present only at very small levels there, because they don’t get concentrated like they might in fish.Hope that at least partially answers your question. Perhaps some day I’ll write a blog post with more detail.

      • Dennis Mirto on December 28, 2015 at 4:47 pm

        If it’s the same Sea Minerals product I’ve been using for the past 12 years, then it is from the Sea of Cortes and harvested from the salt that collects in inland pools on the shores of Baja, Mexico. Dr. Murray chose this location due to the greatest diversity of sea life and the highest concentration of Sea Minerals. I’m referring to the dry product. I don’t know where they collect the Liquid version. I much prefer the dry over the liquid. It’s much more cost effective as I don’t have to pay for shipping costs on the 8 lbs. of water per gallon of product.

  2. Cathryn Rogocki on April 26, 2014 at 1:15 pm

    Hi Phil,How much should the fish fertilizer be diluted for use on indoor seedlings? I put some in my tomato seedlings and although the plants appear to be happy, there is a white fuzz on the top of the soil with some of the plants. Is that a problem?Thanks,Cathryn

    • Phil on April 26, 2014 at 2:38 pm

      A 1:50 dilution should be plenty diluted (5 Tbsp per gallon of water). White fuzz is probably a mold, usually because of overwatering. It’s not necessarily the end of the world, but definitely nice to not have it there. If watering less doesn’t help, you might want to re-pot in new soil. Spraying EM/SCD Probiotics might help, too, or top dressing with a bit of good compost.

      • Cathryn Rogocki on April 27, 2014 at 1:35 pm

        Thanks Phil! The white fuzz is only showing up on the soil of the plants that received both seaweed and fish fertilizer combined together. Some received only the seaweed fertilizer and they have not developed the fuzz. All the plants have been watered the same amount, so I am just curious about why there is a difference?Also, just to clarify…is the 1:50 dilution for the garden plants also? Or just for the seedlings? I believe the bottle says 10 ml per 100 ml for soil application. Just wanted to check that with you.Thanks for the great site and advice!

        • Phil on April 27, 2014 at 11:36 pm

          Oh, that’s interesting about the mold being caused by the fish. It is known to be a good fungal feeder when making compost tea, so I could see it encouraging the mold. I suppose applying with a higher dilution and/or applying less often might curtail that, or just foliar spray instead.You can certainly follow their recommendations for dilution rates. I had come to 1:50 by looking at their farming rates, but I know they actually promote a higher dilution (1:128 for the garden and 1:250 for house plants) on their label, which is certainly a safe bet – never hurts to go more diluted. I’ll update my instructions up above at some point.

          • Cathryn Rogocki on April 28, 2014 at 2:40 am

            Thanks again Phil! I am hoping I didn’t overfertilize the seedlings. I checked the bottle again and it says 100 ml per litre for soil, which I figured out to be 6 and a bit tbsp. I thought that was a lot so I cut back, but still used 4 tbsp in two litres of water, which is more than the 1:50 ratio you mentioned. Hopefully they will be okay 🙂

  3. Charles on May 18, 2014 at 3:02 am

    Hi Phil:Have any of your products been used on bonsai plants, or have you had inquiries from bonsai people? How would I use your products for bonsai. Would your products be too acidic? Thanks.

    • Phil on May 18, 2014 at 11:53 am

      Good question Charles. I’m not very knowledgeable about bonsai, and haven’t had inquiries. The mycorrhizal fungi would be useful. I think a dilute solution of the seaweed and/or sea minerals would be useful too, as well as effective microorganisms, which seems to have the potential to be universally helpful. As for the fish, it may very well be helpful, but I don’t know if the big hit of nitrogen is necessary for most bonsai plants – that’s why I lean to the seaweed/ocean water.

  4. Valen on March 21, 2015 at 3:03 am

    What is the best fertilizer for a jacaranda tree. I wanted to buy the fish fertilizer but it has high nitrogen and I was told too much nitrogen makes jacarandas not bloom. My jacarandas are not blooming.

    • Phil on March 21, 2015 at 4:57 pm

      There’s actually no such thing as a ‘best fertilizer’ for each tree. The best fertilizers are the ones that fix the deficiencies in the soil and tree. But I will say that fish is fine for your tree. It has a small amount of nitrogen, not too much. It also has phosphorus and many other important nutrients for blooming.

  5. Ivy on June 3, 2015 at 12:25 am

    Hi Phil – a soil test told me that P is excessively high in my beds, so I am being careful to not add more. Will my veggies be getting enough P from the soil in these beds that I do not need to add Fish Fertilizer? Would I be better off with only the Seaweed Fertlilizer? (The Sea Minerals sounds wonderful but is a bit too costly for me this year)

    • Phil on June 4, 2015 at 7:53 pm

      Hi Ivy, good question. Whether or not your plants will get enough P from the soil depends on how ‘available’ the P is in your soil. The soil tests that I use will tell you that, but most soil tests don’t. The bottom line, though, is that the small amount of P in fish fertilizer is not going to cause any excess, so it’s still 100% okay to use.

      • Ivy on June 4, 2015 at 11:39 pm

        Thanks very much for your response, Phil! I do not see on your website anything about the soil tests you do (pricing, etc). Where can I find it? I think I’ll send some soil in to you next spring – or perhaps this fall would be better.

        • Phil on June 5, 2015 at 11:59 am

          I don’t do them Ivy. I recommend that samples be sent to organic labs such as Crop Services International or International Ag Labs.

  6. Denise Jakimiak on June 2, 2019 at 2:20 pm

    Hi Phil, is it ok to use the fish and seaweed fertilizer on leafy vegetables such as spinach, Asian greens, kale and collard greens? I worry about how they will affect the taste?

    • Phil on June 3, 2019 at 11:01 am

      Yes, it’s fine. You just want to wait a while before harvesting. Not sure how long but I’d say a couple of weeks is sufficient.

  7. David H on March 11, 2020 at 10:45 pm

    For a lawn: Would switching from big box store chemical lawn fertilizers (with high nitrogen, often zero phosphorus, and sometimes a little potassium) to regularly fertilizing a lawn with liquid fish (2-4-1) like the one you suggest, provide too little nitrogen and too much phosphorus (causing ecosystem damage due to phosphorus runoff )? I could compliment this with molasses, EM, liquid seaweed, and/or sea-minerals. why would your recommended liquid fish be better than the 5-1-1 in the alaska fish fertilizer that I see you are not fond of?

    • Phil on March 16, 2020 at 11:01 am

      Hi David, good questions. Whether switching to fish plus these other products will work depends on multiple factors, like how healthy is the soil food web, how much organic matter is in the soil, do you leave your grass clippings on the lawn to improve the soil, etc. You could run an experiment on your lawn, sticking to the old way on part of the lawn and then trying the new way on another part. Again, it depends on the lawn, but there’s a good chance the new strategy will actually work better than the old one.

      No, there won’t be nitrogen/phosphorus runoff with fish because we apply it in such small amounts on a more regular basis.

      As for fish, it’s not that emulsions are bad but they’re generally not as good as a hydrolysate because many of the nutrients, oils and proteins have been removed. Emulsions do have more nitrogen but less of many other things. And having more nitrogen isn’t inherently good or bad – it just depends on how much nitrogen you need. A lawn with decent organic matter and where the grass clippings are left to improve the soil shouldn’t need much (if any) extra nitrogen.

  8. Kristin Montgomery on May 23, 2020 at 2:17 pm

    I have Alaska fish fertilizer. It was recommended to use on a privacy screen of sky pencil shrubs. I have about 20 of these plants about 4 1/2 feet tall. I am thinking of using a 2 gallon jug/sprayer and was wondering how to apply. On the bottle it says 3 tablespoon per 2 foot plant height.Is this the correct application for this product and these plants? It seems like that’s a lot. I’d love to know what you recommend. In the future I will try Neptunes harvest but unfortunately I Currently have this. Thanks for your help and words of advice in advance.

    • Phil on May 25, 2020 at 1:14 pm

      Hi Kristin, I don’t use it so I’m not sure but you can certainly do what the label says, and if they give a range, it’s not a bad idea to go with the low end. Or if they give a dilution rate, you can focus more on it and just spray the leaves until they’re dripping.

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