by Gina Lorubbio
I’m no master gardener, but for each of the past four years, our raised beds have contained zucchini. It seems like the ultimate foolproof vegetable—one that can always be counted on to produce and produce and produce.
Zucchini belongs to the cucurbit family (don’t you love that name?!) along with melon, cucumber, and hard-skinned squash like pumpkins. It’s a summer squash, which means it’s harvested before autumn sets in and the rind becomes hard like those of butternut or acorn squash.
Orangey yellow zucchini blossoms are also edible and incredibly yummy. In my family, they get stuffed with cheese, dredged in egg, fried ‘til golden, and often sandwiched between two slices of bread. I get giddy every time I see them at the market or in my garden. If you’re harvesting them yourself, look for flowers attached to narrow stems (the non-fruiting males) versus flowers attached to stems that look like baby zucchini (the fruiting females).
According to the University of Arizona’s Master Gardener Journal, summer squash can be traced all the way back to 5,500 B.C. where they were a staple of Mexican and northern South American diets. After Europe colonized the Americas, summer squash was brought across the Atlantic, where it is believed that the Italians developed zucchini, giving it the name we now use.
How ‘bout that name?
Interestingly, even the name implies that the plant is going to be a big producer. It comes from “zucchino,” the diminutive form of “zucca” which means “gourd” or “squash.” “Zucchini” is the plural form, because—obviously—there’s never just one “zucchino”!
Each sprawling plant can produce about 3-9 pounds of young fruit(!). Those numbers made Barbara Kingsolver wonder in Animal, Vegetable, Miracle: “Could they design an automobile engine that runs on zucchini?” Imagine the problems it would solve if they could.
After my technical research, I put my nose in a different kind of book.
I pulled Zora’s Zucchini by Katherine Pryor and illustrated by Anna Raff off the children’s shelf at my local library. It’s about a girl named Zora who enthusiastically plants several zucchini starts in her garden and ends up with more than she can handle come late summer. I’d like to read a few pages to you:
“By the first day of August, Zora’s garden was a jungle of prickly, tickly, bushy, blossomy plants. Every single one of those plants was covered in zucchini. There was no way her family could eat it all.”
“Zora peered into her neighbor’s garden. It was full of tomatoes, but no zucchini. ‘Hi, Mrs. Thompson! Would you like to trade some tomatoes for some zucchini?’ Zora asked. ‘Absolutely!’ Mrs. Thompson replied. Zora swapped an armful of zucchini for an armful of tomatoes.”
“The next day, Zora found even more zucchini. ‘Seriously?’ she said. Zora thought and thought. She had an idea, but she knew she couldn’t do it alone. Her brother painted the signs. Her parents printed the flyers. Zora and her sister posted them all over the neighborhood.”
“On Saturday, Zora’s Garden Swap was open for business.”
“Then, Zora saw Mrs. Rivera carrying a big bowl of raspberries, and Mr. Peterson bringing potatoes. Neighbors stopped by with carrots, peppers, and green beans from their gardens. They shared plums, apricots, and cherries from their trees. People left whatever they had too much of, and took whatever they wanted. Zora traded and traded until all her zucchini was gone.”
“Zora looked around at the busy, noisy jumble of munching, laughing, chatting neighbors. Her zucchini garden had brought so many people together!”
Who knew children’s books could be so packed with wisdom? I’ve been in Zora’s shoes many times before. In summers past, I simply couldn’t unload my excess veggies on friends and family fast enough.
How to grow zucchini
What to plant. There are both bush and vine varieties of zucchini. Bush plants are best for smaller spaces, while vining varieties need space to sprawl (and can ramble through your garden, making harvest a sort of hunt). You can sow seeds or plant starts. One plant per person in your family should keep you well fed. If you’re using seeds, you’ll likely have leftovers; save those for next year.
When to plant. Zucchini is frost-sensitive, so wait until one week after the last front to plant outside. Wait for warm soil (60F and above) and air (70F and above). Plant anytime up until midsummer if you want a later crop. They’ll be ready to harvest in about 50 days.
Where to plant. Choose a spot that gets full sun and keep in mind that plants may sprawl.
How to plant. Sow seeds at a depth of 1 inch in well-drained, compost-rich soil. Plant starts in a small hole, being careful not to damage roots. Space plants at 3 feet from center. To optimize space, add a trellis to encourage vertical growth of vining varieties.
How to maintain. Keep the soil deeply moist, watering before the soil dries out completely (perhaps 2-3 times per week in summer). Water directly at the base of the plant, under the leaves. Apply mulch if you’ve got it to regulate soil moisture and temperature once the seedlings are 2 inches tall. Leaves wilting under the hot summer sun is normal; they’ll spring back to life at night.
How to harvest. Gently twist squash or cut at stem when they’re young and tender (6-8 inches long and 1.5-3 inches in diameter). Harvest often to encourage more production (or if you can’t give it away fast enough, leave 1-2 on the plant to slow it down). As zucchini grows older, it can become tough-textured. If one gets too big before you notice, it’s probably a good candidate for zucchini bread. For zucchini flowers, harvest in the morning before they close. Look for male flowers—those without tiny zucchini attached—and cut with 1 inch of stem.
How to store. Refrigerate fresh zucchini for up to two weeks or shred, drain, and store in the freezer for up to 3 months. Place zucchini blossoms base-down in water and store in fridge. Use them within a few days.
With all this history of zucchini’s prolific success, when I sowed my plants this year, I was certain I’d be swimming in the stuff come August. But, for whatever reason, it did not show up to the party. Perhaps it has something to do with our 57-day rainless streak (and our related struggle to keep up with watering).
So now, instead of being the “sharer,” I find myself in the position of the “sharee”—dependent on the generosity of folks who’ve had a good harvest.
Lucky for me, I’ve spent the past two weeks with family in Ohio, and they’ve shared their garden goodies with me so freely. My dad planted a garden at my grandma’s that grew so rampantly that the rows are no longer distinguishable. I spent a lot of time in there harvesting beans, tomatoes, eggplant, and broccoli. Navigating the stalks and leaves felt like a jungle adventure. Their proverbial cup was overflowing, and they shared it. I know I would do the same for them.
This garden karma extends beyond the fence
There are moments when you’ll have a surplus of something—time, resources, friends, food, privilege—when someone else is having a moment of scarcity. Conversely, there are moments when things are thin for you; allow someone the opportunity to help.
These acts knit together a resilient communal safety net, one that becomes stronger every time we reach across to give or receive. Our success as a culture of people from all kinds of backgrounds and ever-changing circumstances lies in this exchange.
Practice this in your own kitchen: share your bounty with abandon
- Invite people to your house for a zucchini dinner. Just like that scene in Forrest Gump where they name all the shrimp preparations, you can have zucchini many ways:
- Spaghetti With No-Cook Zucchini Tomato Sauce And Hazelnuts
- Fried Zucchini Flowers—stuffed with a combo of mozzarella and ricotta (or whatever you have, really), dredge in flour and egg, drop in about 1/2 inch of hot oil, and serve either by itself, with a salad of fresh herbs and tomato, or as a sandwich.
- Zucchini Pizza—add it to your standard dough. This is my go-to.
- Shaved Zucchini Salad—grate zucchini on the large holes of a cheese grater and dress simply with lemon zest, lemon juice, olive oil, salt, and shavings of a hard cheese like grana or parmesan.
- Zucchini Bread—root around your recipe box or ask a family member for their favorite
- Herby Grilled Zucchini Salad from my friend Chicca in Italy.
- Ratatouille a la Julia Child from Mastering the Art of French Cooking. This has many steps and is quite delicious if you’re in the mood for a little kitchen project.
- flowers are used in quesadillas in Mexican cuisine
- Leave a “free box” full of surplus produce, clothes, books, or other supplies in your front yard.
Check your local farmers market to see if they have a “swap station” for food or other items. If they don’t, maybe you could be the one to start it!
- Share your wealth with a cause you care about. Right now, I’m sending my support to Wayfinding Academy, Southern Poverty Law Center, and the American Civil Liberties Union.
Next time you have more than enough, channel your inner Zora and spread that good around. The world needs what you can offer.
Heirloom Food Stories aim to connect you to beauty, wisdom, and intuition in your kitchen. Each month we’ll deeply explore one fruit or vegetable, so we can know the whole stories — the joys, hardships, and curiosities — behind the foods on our plates.
It’s part of the American Heirloom Project I’m developing to help us build a food culture we’re proud to pass down.
Here are some recent samples you can check out…