Here's the beginning of my sheet mulch - newspaper and manure
This week, I started laying the groundwork for an organic vegetable garden.
I've been digging out some grass for the beds (6-8 inches below soil level in some spots to put in a good, deep path) and sheet mulching other areas right on top of the grass.
I'll post a video tomorrow to show where I'm at.
My Organic Vegetable Garden
But this is not going to be the usual rectangular garden with straight rows that sits in the back corner of many yards. Not that there's anything wrong with that, but I'm going for more of an attractive, curvy, densely-planted organic vegetable garden that blends into the landscape and comes right up to the patio, just steps from the kitchen door.
That way, fresh herbs and veggies are just seconds away from the chef.
But one thing that is going to make it slightly less beautiful is the 2 foot tall fence around the curvy edge of my garden that I've started erecting to keep out the rabbits, who like vegetables just as much as me. I used slender bamboo for the poles and chicken wire for the sides, so it's not all that intrusive, but not the most beautiful thing ever.
(By the way, that's about the only successful method I've found of keeping rabbits out - a fence. Same goes for many animals. Do you have any other strategies?)
So I was sitting here cursing these rabbits when I started to think of some of the benefits we get from animals in our organic gardens. I thought I'd pass some of these benefits on to you as something to remember the next time you're dealing with aphids on your greens or grubs in your lawn or deer into, well, everything.
Animals Are Our Friends
1. Let's start with manure. After laying the newspaper right on top of the grass for my sheet mulch, next went a couple of inches of horse manure, loaded with worms. Manure is organic matter and fertilizer for the soil. It often contains seeds transported from somewhere else that will germinate and grow into plants - that's good for nature, but inspires me to either compost it first or put it at the bottom of my sheet mulch.
This composting process and the sheet mulch I'm setting up in the organic vegetable garden also help deal with most pathogens, and sometimes high concentrations of nitrogen, potassium and salt. There will also be some beneficial microbes in there to help the process along.
2. While the rabbits like to eat my vegetables, many of those same vegetables are actually pollinated by other animals, especially birds, bees and butterflies. I'm very happy to have them buzzing around these days because I know they make the garden tick (this is in spite of the fact that when I was a kid, I was stung by a few wasps all at once when I jumped onto a bed where they were lounging, and since then, I'm slightly anxious around anything with a stinger).
Colony collapse disorder, which refers to the mass death of honeybees that has been alarmingly high for the last 5 years, is troubling not just because we'll have less honey, but because we're losing one of our main food pollinators.
3. Insects (such as mites) and microscopic animals (such as nematodes) are largely responsible for making minerals available to plants as a result of eating microbes. What happens is that the microbes - mainly bacteria and fungi - break down organic matter and fix nitrogen from the air and get other minerals from rocks and so on.
They are constantly working in the soil and like I said last week, they "immobilize" nutrients by storing them in their bodies, and then animals (and other organisms) "mineralize" these nutrients when they eat the microbes, which means those nutrients are made available again. This process allows us to reap the rewards from our organic vegetable gardening.
These are just the first 3 points that came to my mind, but there are more and I have to get back to my sheet mulching. I would like to get a better list going, though, so if you think of something, feel free to let me know below.