Organic Gardening Goal 9 : To ensure biological diversity within urban landscapes.
The conservation of plants and animals and microorganisms is vital in organic gardening. Biological diversity refers to having different species of plants, animals, bacteria, fungi and protists in the garden.
The more species we have, the more diversity we have.
And actually, this goal should probably be changed to biological "complexity", which not only refers to the number of species, but to the relationships between those species. Biological diversity is important, but when you think about it, it's how much all of these different species are interacting that is more important. That is biological complexity. Makes sense, right?
So, what are the benefits of the conservation of plants and animals and microorganisms? Ultimately, a much healthier, more abundant landscape. If you don't have complexity, you have a garden that naturally wants to move towards a simpler ecosystem, such as a desert. The higher the complexity you achieve when organic gardening, the more you get of each of the following:
What does this mean for you? It means if you want to have a healthy lawn and garden instead of a yard that is more naturally going to be a desert, you need to encourage more biological complexity. You need to not only practice the conservation of plants and animals and microorganisms in your organic garden, but you also need to bring in many different plants, animals and microbes. How?
My goal with this organic gardening website is to show you how to do that. Some of the ideas for this article came from an amazing little book called Soil Biology Primer.